Körner, Spehn: Mountain Biodiversity

Christian Körner, Eva Spehn (eds.)
Mountain Biodiversity: A Global Assessment

2002, 350 p.
CRC Press
ISBN 1-84214-091-4
$ 89.95, 62.99,
This book is the result of the first global conference on mountain biodiversity, and is a contribution to the International Year of Mountains, 2002. The Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment program is a Special Target Area Region project of DIVERSITAS (UNESCO and UNEP). Biological diversity is essential for the integrity of mountain ecosystems and this dependency is likely to increase as environmental (climate) and social conditions change. Steep terrain and climate, and severe land-use pressure cause mountain ecosystems to rank among the world's most endangered landscapes. The 28 chapters in this book represent research on the biological riches in all major mountain ranges of the world, and synthesize existing knowledge on mountain biodiversity - from diversity of bacteria, plants and animals to human diversity. The book is divided into five sections: an introduction providing an overview of the issues; plant and animal diversity; climate change and mountain biodiversity; land use and conservation; and a synthesis.


  1. Mountain biodiversity: its causes and function: an overview
  2. Intraspecific genetic diversity in alpine plants
  3. Causes and consequences of alpine vascular plant diversity in the Rocky Mountains
  4. Biodiversity of the vascular timberline flora in the Rocky Mountains of Alberta, Canada
  5. Plant species richness and endemism of upper montane forests and timberline habitats in the Bolivian Andes
  6. Biotope patterns, phytodiversity and forestline in the Andes, based on GIS and remote sensing data
  7. Multi-scale patterns in plant species richness of European high mountain vegetation
  8. Environmental determinants of vascular plant species richness in the Swiss alpine zone.
  9. Plant bidiversity and endemism in high mountains of Central Asia, the Caucasus and Siberia
  10. Cold spots in the highest mountains of the world - diversity patterns and gradients in the flora of the Karakorum
  11. Patterns of plant species diversity of the northeastern Tibetan plateau, Qinghai, China
  12. Factors influencing the spatial restriction of vascular plant species in the alpine archipelago of Australia
  13. Biodiversity of the subalpine forest/grassland ecotone of the Andringitra Massif, Madagascar
  14. Diversity in primary succession: the chronosequence of a glacier foreland
  15. Status and trends in diversity of alpine vertebrates in the northwestern United States
  16. Biodiversity of human populations in mountain environments
  17. Potential effects of climate change on alpine and nival plants in the Alps
  18. Variations in community structure and growth rates of high Andean plants with climatic fluctuations
  19. A scenario for mammal and bird diversity in the Snowy Mountains in relation to climate change
  20. Modelling and monitoring ecosystem responses to climate change in three North American mountain ranges
  21. Scenarios of plant diversity in South African mountain ranges to climate change
  22. Biodiversity in mountain medicinal plants and possible impacts of climatic change
  23. Land use and biodiversity in upland pastures in Ethiopia
  24. Balancing conservation of biodiversity and economic profit in the high Venezuelan Andes: Is fallow agriculture an alternative?
  25. Conserving mountain biodiversity in protected areas
  26. How effective is protected area management in mountains?
  27. National action plans for mountain biodiversity conservation and research
  28. A global assessment of mountain biodiversity synthesis